Sunday, May 17, 2020
The business strategy of Shangri-La reflects that more concern is being put on the generation of values through unique ways. Like its competitors, management and contentment of a wide range of customers are a big challenge for Shangri-La. this challenge is faced through the practice of differentiated hospitability. That is to say, Shangri-La adopts different approaches by heightening levels of hospitality and providing the customers with the best services and super luxurious atmospheres. In spite of operating over such diverse geographical locations, Shangri-La has never failed to focus on business investments, especially in Asia- Pacific region. All these have contributed largely to the building of Shangri-La s brand image and have also won its recognition all around the world. In past few years, Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts have won numerous awards and recognitions in the form of Best Business Hotel Chain in the Asia Pacific by Business Traveller (U. K. and Germany) and Best Ho tel Chain by Chinese Hurun Report (China). Thus, Shangri-La gains competitive advantage on an international level by offering outstanding customer service. Some of the core organizational policies aim at providing respect, courtesy, warmth, cordiality, sincerity, geniality and friendliness. We will write a custom essay sample on Shangri-La's International Business Strategy or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now These are indispensable in the hospitality industry and each and every hotel and resort of Shangri-La makes sure that it is met. The staffs and management of Shangri-La exhibit cultures and traditions of respective nations or regions. Guests, too, are treated accordingly, as expectations and behavioral patterns of people widely vary across the globe. Extensive training and development programs have been a part of Shangri-La for a long time. This is divided into three sections. Other than Shangri-La Care, there is Delighting Customers and Recover. As this is immensely important for the hotel industry, Shangri-La allocates separate funds within its budget for training and developmental programs.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction Thus far in graduate school, I have found three theories to be the most influential for me in developing my very own personal counseling style. These three theories are: Rogerian s person-centered approach, Erikson s theory of Development, and Behavior Therapy. At this point in time, I do not have an approach or theory that I favor over the other two. I believe all three of these will be equally successful in helping me provide competent and successful counseling in the future. I chose these three theories because I believe they will all be very helpful when working with children. I am concentrating on mental health counseling for children and adolescents so these three will all come in handy. Children communicate differently than adults so it is important to use approaches with children that will help them with their communicating styles so I can be more effective as a counselor with these age group. Children are not for everyone especially the younger ones becau se they can be more difficult, but I believe with the few years I have put into Elementary Education, I can also use that knowledge to communicate and learn from this group. They cannot just talk to you about their problems like most adults can so instead of sitting them on a couch and waiting for them to be ready to open up, I believe it is important to look at their play. A child s play will tell counselors everything they need to know about this client. We can learn about any abuse,Show MoreRelatedThe Theory Of Development, And Behavior Therapy2773 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pageshave found three theories to be the most influential for me in developing my very own personal counseling style. These three theories are: Rogerian s person-centered approach, Erikson s theory of Development, and Behavior Therapy. At this point in time, I do not have an approach or theory that I favor over the other two. I believe all three of these will be equally successful in helping me provide competent and successful counseling in the future. I chose these three theories because I believeRead MoreIs Relational Frame Theory?1730 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesso many theories on how we should live our lives, battle disorders of all kinds, and how to fix or solve those disorders. The specific theory that we will be taking a look on is Acceptance and Commitment Therapy or more commonly known in the psychology world as ACT. Like most other theories that take from other theories in its format, this one is no different. Steven C. Hayes is considered and recognized by the psychological community to be the founder of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. StevenRead MoreWhat Is Clinical Psychology?1416 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesis Clinical Psychology? It is the branch of psychology that emphasizes on the assessment and treatment of mental illness, abnormal behavior, and psychiatric problems of a person. 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Additionally, It will at tempt to highlight the relationship that exists between the theory andRead MoreAlbert Banduras Theory Of Social Learning Theory1461 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBandura is considered the developer of social learning theory, which is also known as social cognitive theory (Corey, 2013; Feist et al., 2013; Thoma et al., 2015). BaduraÃ¢â¬â¢s theory, while based upon the principles of behaviorism, departs from the traditional behavioral model and leaves room for the exploration of unobservable mental states and their influence on behavior (Corey, 2013; Thoma et al., 2015). Social Cognitive theory bases its theory of learning on two types of learning processes: observationalRead MoreThe Support Influence On Development Of Insufficient Parental Care1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages History and Development It was in 1951 that John Bowlby began to write about the opposing influence on development of insufficient parental care and called attention to the acute distress of young children separated from their primary caregivers. (Barth, 2005) The quality of early attachment relationships is correlated with future personality and brain development. Ã¢â¬Å"The Attachment Theory is a foundation theory, developed by Bowlby. It focusses on the form, quality, and strengths of human attachmentsRead MoreHumanistic Psychology Essay1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe areas of client-centered therapy, education of student-centered learning, organizations, and other group settings. Even though psychoanalysis and behaviorism have made major contributions to psychology, it has influenced the understanding and practices of the humanistic movement, specifically with the therapies for the different mental disorders. Psychoanalysis understands the unconscious behavior, behaviorism focuses on the conditioning pr ocess that produces behavior. Humanistic psychology focusesRead MoreMy Personal Theory Of Counseling Essay996 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBeliefs are components that play a role in an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s self-identity. The establishment of these components shape human nature, behavior, and the development of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose. The basis of these fundamentals has contributed to my desire to become a counselor. This paper will discuss my views of human nature, factors of behavior changes, goals of therapy, the roles of a therapist, and the counseling approaches that I chose to incorporate in a practice. The understanding of human natureRead MoreFamily and Multigenerational Family Therapy860 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFamily Therapy and Multigenerational Family Therapy Family Therapy and Multigenerational Family Therapy The idea of working with a family as a unit versus individuals was innovative and throughout the years became a significant enhancement to family system therapy. In 1960 Structural Family Therapy was founded and developed by Salvador Minuchin whose main focus was based on the interactional patterns and sequences within the family. He was able to alter the behaviors of the family alleviating
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The concept of the prison has existed for more than two thousand years. It probably goes back as far in time as practice of cannibalism, where victims had to wait for their turn in contributing to the chief course in the menu of their captors. Examples of prisons can even be found in the Old Testament when Joseph was incarcerated in Egypt. It was not until the 19th century that a clear shift occurred from corporal punishment to imprisonment. As societies prospered and the industrial revolution began, the formal prison system, as we know it today, developed. Throughout most of the world, the correctional system is administered by the state, and it is considered a key function that the government must fulfill: protect its citizens by guaranteeing the state of law while enforcing the judicial system. More than two decades ago, the United Sates and Great Britain began experimenting with privatization of their prison systems, outsourcing the management to private enterprises. Like most privatization issues, this topic has many supporters from the liberal economic philosophy, as well as many detractors that argue against profit seeking enterprises. The discussion promotes themes such as the ethical dilemma of the private sector Ã¢â¬Å"administering punishmentÃ¢â¬ , selecting the correct metrics used to evaluate the performance of private sector versus public sector, disputes of what are Ã¢â¬Å"just and fairÃ¢â¬ services that the inmates are entitled to, among others. In the following essay we aim to bring these topics into light and try to analyze the pros and cons of privatizing the prison system. Private prisons are one of the fastest growing industries in the security and protection industry. Up until 2003, there were an estimated of 102 private prisons in the U. S. holding more than 100,000 inmates. As of 2008, there were 128,524 inmates held in private prisons, representing 8% of the total 1,610,466 inmates held in all state and federal prisons. Many researchers and academics have argued that although the United States has only 5% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population, it holds 25% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s prison population. Is this trend directly correlated to the use and promotion of a private prison system? The U. S. as half a million more inmates than China, even though ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s population is five times the size of the US population. Some reasons of China having a lower imprisonment rate can be linked to a lack of reliable statistics (government controlled information), Chinese law/ judicial system are very different to that of the United States and the investment in infrastructure the US has to detect crime. According to the California Prison Focus, Ã¢â¬Å"no other society in human history has imprisoned so many of its own citizens. Ã¢â¬ What incentive does the government have to privatize prisons, or encourage public/private alliances? In a time of fiscal constraints, governments have used public/private partnerships in order to provide services that had been formerly delivered by the state. However, although private participation may have been seen as a solution to avoid public failures (i. e. the privatization if highways, garbage /waste management collection, telephone/cellular lines), results can vary according to the sector raising questions concerned with the efficiency of the alliance. The Reagan administration exploited the momentum for privatization and deregulation, giving rise to Corrections Corporation of America (CCA). Among the incentives the government has for prison privatization is their desperate need to cut budget deficits. For privatization to be economically feasible, the cost/benefit analysis must be positive and provide savings to the government. Likewise, the outright inflow of cash coming in from selling a prison can be very important for local state administrations. According to the disclosure provided by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction, the reason of why they recently sold one of their prisons for $75 million is to Ã¢â¬Å"improve staff and inmate safety, reduce daily operating expenses and to reduce the states long-term budgetÃ¢â¬ Although the prison privatization topic has generated many controversies and has important lobbying groups behind it, there are few reliable studies comparing privately and publicly operated facilities. Segal and Moore (2002) identified about 23 U. S. cost comparison studies and fewer quality studies. Many of those studies were of questionable value because they did not comply with specific characteristics of meta-analysis (did not have explicit comparison of private and public facilities, the study was based on citations of other studies, few recognizable databases, among others). The most recent review, a meta-analysis by Lundahl et. al. (2009) only identified 12 studies of cost and quality meeting their criteria for sound methodologyÃ¢â¬ . According to Alex Tabarrok, privately managed facilities can have cost savings of 15-25% on prison edification and 15% on administrative expenses. Likewise, private prisons generate competition and exert pressure towards public prisons. They encourage public prisons to also innovate and lower costs. Other studies (Lundahl et al. 2009, page 392) argue, Ã¢â¬Å"prison privatization provides neither a clear advantage nor disadvantage compared with publicly managed prisons. Ã¢â¬ The economic nature of private corporations is to be profit-seeking agents whose sole focus is to maximize shareholder value. This is a fair reason and a reason that will always exist. Detractors of privatization and free market systems, argue that the only way to achieve profit maximization is at the expense of third parties (zero sum game) and stress that corporations do this by lowering service quality and reducing personnel. In the example of prison privatization, following this Ã¢â¬Å"linearÃ¢â¬ thinking of profit maximization equaling low quality service and thus suboptimal conditions for inmates, generates arguments relating to negative externalities. Corporations such as CCA argue that they can systematically reduce operating expenses while minimizing externalities and social costs. According to the Ohio State Department of Rehabilitation and Corrections, the sale and outsourcing of the Lake Erie prison will cost the state 6% annually less to run amounting to a savings of $3 million per year. CCA has gone on the record saying that it will keep over 90% of the existing jobs in Ohio. As mentioned earlier, a lack of reliable information challenging these assertions of measurable cost reductions is a major concern to elected officials. On February 14th the state of Florida, also desperate to cut its budget deficit, held a controversial vote to privatize state prisons. Ultimately, Republicans rejected the bill in a tight 21-19 vote, dividing the caucus. Those voting against privatization sighted a lack of transparency on the forecasted budget savings. While we believe that many government services would be better of if privatized, the incentives and processes regarding prison privatization must be explored further. Actual evidence demonstrates that the actual privatization process has generated perverse incentives and powerful forces in Washington advocating for special favors. The end result has been a perverse mercantilism. This can clearly be seen by a report investigating the top five interest groups lobbying to keep marijuana illegal. Private prison corporations make millions by incarcerating people who have been imprisoned for drug crimes, including marijuana. Likewise, CCA has sent letters to more than 48 states asking for a Ã¢â¬Å"20 year management contract plus an assurance that the prison would remain at least 90% fullÃ¢â¬ and have advocated for direct incarceration of illegal immigrants. To reduce the negative externalities and obscure process that surround prison privatization, serious steps must be taken in order to align incentives. Why are prisons being paid on the quantity if inmates instead of being paid on how many inmates they can re-incorporate to society? The best example can be found in the Delancey Street Foundation and as stated in their web site, Ã¢â¬Å"we take applications from people who have hit bottom, from prison, jail or walk-ins. Residents who have been at Delancey Street awhile interview all applicants. The minimum stay is 2 years; the average stay is 4 years. We have 3 rules: no drugs or alcohol, no physical violence, and no threats of violence. The goal is to learn to lead a productive crime-free, drug-free life of purpose and integrity. Everyone learns a marketable skill (the goal is 3 skills), and earns at least a high school equivalency degree. Advanced education is available. Ã¢â¬ Moreover specific KPIÃ¢â¬â¢s must be developed to Ã¢â¬Å"rateÃ¢â¬ the performance of private prisons accompanied with in depth studies regarding state savings by not incurring in prison management. Certain benchmarks must be achieved by every concessionary in aspects concerning security levels, staff training, among others. These standards can be revised by benchmarking against other private prisons operated in other countries. Additionally, many people argue in favor of prisonerÃ¢â¬â¢s living standards and rights concluding that privatization will worsen them. Why is it that society is overprotecting individuals, which have committed a serious crime, and therefore deserve Ã¢â¬Å"high standardsÃ¢â¬ while in prison? On average, an inmate costs $50,000 per year. The majority of these criminals donÃ¢â¬â¢t even make that amount of money a year; hence they might be better off living in prison. For those advocates that in general think public prisons are much more favorable than private prison, they should take a look at our exhibit of the public prison system in El Salvador and Honduras (please see exhibit). Inmates are human beings and should be treated with dignity and have access to basic necessities (food, water, shelter) and should not be deprived of their right if they are respecting their fellow constituents. Most importantly, they should be given the necessary conditions to re-evaluate their behavior and to experience what it means of not having their liberty. We advocate that proper rehabilitation of prisoners tends to lower overall social costs, as convicts will be less likely to repeat offense. While it logically makes sense for a state to rehabilitate prisoners to the best of their ability, the opposite can be true in the privatized system if the incentives are not properly aligned. Firstly, proper counseling and rehabilitation costs money, and corporations whose sole incentive is to maximize shareholder value vehemently oppose Ã¢â¬Å"unnecessaryÃ¢â¬ increases in operating costs. The second reason is the perverse irony behind privatized prisons: they need customers. In the case of the sale of the Lake Erie prison in Ohio, the state had agreed to provide CCA a guaranteed minimum occupation rate of 90%. Lastly, if investors are not incentivized accordingly, they will tend to have a narrower view on the global problem, excluding the cost of negative externalities (without proper rehabilitation, inmates will repeat offence, triggering additional cost for public and private entities. ) In the current political and austere environment, few politicians would risk their fate by opening up the discourse that crime prevention and more lenient laws are a solution to lower costs. Having a Ã¢â¬Å"toughÃ¢â¬ approach on prevention can be even better than being stern with crime. New York cut its incarceration rate by 15% between 1997 and 2007, while reducing violent crime by 40%. By evaluating the behavior and development of other privatized services (i. e education, transportation, highways, garbage removal, among others) prison privatization can take their operating framework as a general base. Communities and consumers evaluate the services of educational institutions, garbage removal companies and healthcare facilities. Based on the consumer preference, the most efficient companies remain in operation. Why not do the same for private prisons? Let the state, independent parties (associations) and the final customers (inmates) evaluate the performance of the privatized system. For this to function well, exploitation of contracts cannot simply be given for 20 years without a Ã¢â¬Å"call optionÃ¢â¬ . Private firms interested in providing services must be fully aware that if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t comply with the required standards and rank low in evaluation criteria can have their contracted removed with sufficient penalties for the transition period. As discussed earlier, an important percentage of the compensation given by the state to the private concessionary should be linked to performance. One of the key metrics that must be included is the rehabilitation and re-insertion rate of inmates to society (logically this inmates must not have been sentenced for Ã¢â¬Å"lifeÃ¢â¬ in prison and must not have committed high grade crimes). This will generate an incentive for private companies to make strategic alliances (private prisons with rehabilitation centers, educational institutes, voluntary programs, firms like Delancey Street among others). Independent institutions (universities, associations and think tanks) should constantly monitor and evaluate the cost-benefit of having privatized prisons in certain areas. There can be situations were government run prisons will be economically more viable than private ones. As in any topic involving the co-participation of government and private firms, public choice issues arise and must be carefully considered. Further extending the reasoning by considering different Social investing/entrepreneurial initiatives in the world, creative solutions focusing on social impact could be applied to the private prison system. Considering that most of the inmates are idle, designing social impact programs to foster inclusion and additional revenue streams for government administered prisons can be beneficial. This could be favorable for multiple stakeholders in the prison sector: public authorities reduce costs by having additional income, crime rate reduction with higher prevention (protagonists for preventive message are the prisoners themselves) and a better rehabilitation in society (prisoners learn skills, valuesÃ¢â¬ ¦). On the other hand, private investors are enticed to follow Ã¢â¬Å"social measuringÃ¢â¬ inside prisons (this social actions would be audited and closely followed). Finally the prisoners are dissuaded to commit new offences. As an example, the company Heavy Eco operating in the United Kingdom believes that the reason why people go to jail lies in their childhood. In order to help the situation, as well as paying the convicts for their work, Heavy Eco empowers prisoners to create organic T-Shirts and bags from recycled materials (50% of the profits go to help homeless and orphanage children) . In Philippines, another initiative grew also around fashion made by prisoners. It is proven that the severity (harshness) of the punishment is not directly correlated with crime reduction. Law and penalty enforcement, on the other hand, does have a direct impact in crime reduction. With this in mind, it is not how Ã¢â¬Å"strongÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"severeÃ¢â¬ the conditions are inside a prison but instead that all of the inmates and future convicts know that if an offense is committed the law will be enforced upon them. Societies donÃ¢â¬â¢t prosper with high imprisonment rates, they proposer under good rule of law and productive citizens.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
For my module-end project, I will be watching the documentary called Ã¢â¬Å"Inside JobÃ¢â¬ narrated by Matt Damon created in 2010. The documentary is well-known for providing a comprehensive analysis of the 2008 financial crisis. Many people have said that the documentary does a good job of explaining the reasons behind the financial crises. By reading the documentaryÃ¢â¬â¢s plot summary, I was able to find out that the documentary goes into many of the causes of the financial crises. Topics include corrupted politics, the housing bubble, wall-street executives and systematic corruption by the financial institutions. The documentary is split into five parts: Part 1: How we got here? Ã¢â¬â Explains the history behind bank deregulation. Part 2: The bubble (2001-2007)-Analyzes the housing bubble, credit default swaps and subprime mortgages. Part 3: The crisis- Shows the effect of the financial crisis. Describes the recession of 2007-2008, stock market plummeting, lack of credit available by banks, global implications etc. We will write a custom essay sample on Inside Job or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Tope executives were able to walk away with no consequences and academia continued supporting bank deregulation. Part 5: Where we are now? No major reform made on credit rating agencies, explains Obama financial relief program and the losses of jobs that occurred. By watching the documentary I will be able to learn all the reasons and implications of the financial crisis and tie it together. I plan on taking notes while watching the documentary and then writing a report on all the information I learned from the documentary. Many complicated concepts learned in class (credit default swaps, securitization, derivatives) are explained in the movie in layman terms. Therefore I will be able to gather a better understanding of these complicated concepts and connect it with the issues faced in the financial crisis.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
PSAT Test Dates 2016 Full Guide SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Are you planning to take the PSAT in the fall of 2016? This guide will fill you in on the exact test dates, along with some essential tips for achieving a great PSAT score. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re a rising junior or taking the PSAT as a younger student, read on to learn how the PSAT will be administered to students nationwide. How Is the PSAT Administered? You donÃ¢â¬â¢t get muchchoice when it comes to taking the PSAT. The test is administered across the country on a given date, and the majority of students take it on a weekday at their high school. While you can choose your test dates and testing centers when you sign up for the SAT, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have this same flexibility or chance to register for the PSAT. College Board designates three official testing dates in October or early November. The vast majority of schools use the primary test date, but there are two alternatives in case the main one doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t work. So what are the primary and alternative test dates for the PSAT in 2016? What Are the PSAT Test Dates 2016? Here are the 2016 PSAT test dates. Your school will just choose one. Primary PSAT test date: October 19, 2016 (a Wednesday) Alternate PSAT test date: November 2, 2016 (a Wednesday) Saturday PSAT test date: October 15, 2016 (a Saturday) Your high school will register for one of the above test dates (in most cases, the primary test date) and let you know in advance. The alternate test dates, by the way, are only available to accommodate your high schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s schedule. Students canÃ¢â¬â¢t choose the alternate or Saturday test date, but instead must take the PSAT on the day that their school chooses. With the PSAT only administered on one day, you might have a concern that comes to mind: what if youÃ¢â¬â¢re sick or absent that day? If you're sick on the PSAT test date, don't worry! You will be able to schedule a makeup test. What If You Miss the PSAT? It is possible to make up the PSAT if you miss it. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re absent on test day, then you would need to contact the National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) by March 1 via a written request. According to NMSCÃ¢â¬â¢s website, Ã¢â¬Å"The student or a school official must write to NMSC as soon as possible after the PSAT/NMSQT administration to request information about procedures for entry to NMSC competitions by alternate testing. The earlier NMSC receives the written request, the greater the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s opportunities for meeting alternate entry requirements. To be considered, a request must be postmarked no later than March 1 following the PSAT/NMSQT administration that was missed. NMSC will provide alternate entry materials including an entry form that requires the signature of a school official.Ã¢â¬ While you can set up a makeup test if you miss the official PSAT date, should you? That all depends on how much youÃ¢â¬â¢d benefit from taking the official test and whether or not youÃ¢â¬â¢re aiming for National Merit. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re a junior who has been prepping for the test with the goal of achieving distinction or a scholarship, then you should certainly set up a makeup test. If you really want the official College Board testing experience before you sit for the SAT, furthermore, then you should also try to reschedule. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re not aiming for National Merit, though, then you donÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily have to make up the PSAT. You might just take a PSAT practice test on your own time under simulated testing conditions, score your test, and prepare for the SAT that way. If you miss the PSAT, then you should think about your academic goals and whether it makes sense for you to schedule another test. Assuming you do make your official test date and take the test, when would you get your PSAT scores back? Before you go on winter break, you get an early present: your PSAT score report! When Do You Get 2016 PSAT Scores? While 2015 test-takers had to wait until January for their PSAT, 2016 test-takers should get theirs back in mid-December. College Board hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t gotten any more specific about the PSAT score release date yet, but weÃ¢â¬â¢ll update as soon as weÃ¢â¬â¢ve got the info. At this point, we know that you should be able to access your PSAT scores online through your College Board account a little less than two months after taking the test. Once you get your PSAT scores, how can you make the most of your score report? Read on to learn how your PSAT resultscan help you make steps toward the future. What Should You Do With Your PSAT Scores? Your PSAT score report is important for two main reasons. First, it gives you feedback about how much you need to prep for the SAT. Second, it tells you if you might qualify for National Merit distinction and scholarships. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s take a closer look at both of these important functions of your PSAT score report. Your move (once you get your PSAT results). #1: Use Your PSAT Score Report to Prep for the SAT The PSAT and SAT are very similar tests. They share the same content and question types, and they test the same academic and time management skills. How you do on the PSAT can help you figure out your strengths and weaknesses as a test-taker. After some self-reflection, you can use your performance to plan your best approach to prepping for the SAT. Once you get your PSAT score report, take some time to figure out what itÃ¢â¬â¢s telling you. Look at your scores in each section, as well as the more specific subscores that give you insight into certain skill areas and question types. Figure out where you did well and where you could use some more practice. As you study for the SAT, target your weak areas so you can improve for next time. You may need to learn new concepts, cut down on careless errors, speed up your efficiency, or work onall three of these areas. Your PSAT score report gives you valuable insight into what you can do to boost your scores when you eventually take the SAT. Did you manage to reach the tasty carrot that is National Merit? #2: Use Your Score Report to See If You Qualify for National Merit When youÃ¢â¬â¢re a junior, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take the PSAT/NMSQT, the latter part of which stands for National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. Students who score in the top 3 to 4% achieve the distinction of National Merit Commended Scholar, while students who score in the top 1% are named Semifinalists and may even move on to become Finalists and get scholarship money. Achieving such a high score on the PSAT is no small feat, and if National Merit is in your sights, then youÃ¢â¬â¢ll probably spend a good amount of time studying and preparing to take the PSAT. Once you take the test and get your score report, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to see whether your hard-earned efforts paid off. Since the PSAT was redesigned in 2015, we donÃ¢â¬â¢t yet have the exact state-by-state cutoffs to determine National Merit Semifinalist. We do have our state-by-state estimates based on last yearÃ¢â¬â¢s data, which you can check out in our National Merit Semifinalist guide. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re taking the PSAT in 2016, then youÃ¢â¬â¢re in luck! NMSC should release the exact state cutoffs in September, so youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be able to go into the test with a clear sense of what you need to achieve (give or take a few points to account for year-to-year fluctuations) to qualify for National Merit distinction and a PSAT scholarship. Want to get a head start on the PSAT NMQST? We have the industry's leading PSAT prep program. Built by Harvard grads and SAT full scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so that you get the most effective prep possible. Check out our 5-day free trial today: Whether or not youÃ¢â¬â¢re aiming for National Merit, youÃ¢â¬â¢d benefit from preparing for the PSAT. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll brush up on core academic concepts, boost your scores, and get ready for the SAT. Read on for six key study tips to guide your preparation for the PSAT. No time like the present to get started!According to this clock, the present time has something to do with Leo, Aries, andAquarius. Prepping for the PSAT: 6 Key Tips The PSAT is a challenging test, and studying for it requires you to cover a lot of ground. To pace yourself, you should ideally start studying three to four months in advance of your test date. You might start even earlier, depending on where you start and what score youÃ¢â¬â¢re hoping to achieve. Some students take it even earlier than 11th grade for extra practice. Whatever age you are, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll benefit from following these six study tips as you get ready for the PSAT. #1: Learn All About the Test Your very first step in prepping for the PSAT is simple: learn about the test. Learn how the exam is formatted, how many sections there are, and how much time you get in each. Once you have a sense of its general structure, look more closely at each individual section to see what concepts eachincludes (for example, algebra, yes; advanced calculus, no) and what types of questions it asks. Here are justa few of the questions you should answer as you acquaint yourself with your new friend, the PSAT: How much time do you get per section? How many questions are in each section? What math concepts does it test? WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s the difference between the Math No Calculator and Math with Calculator sections? What grammar rules do you need to know for the Writing section? What are the different question types in the Reading section? How is the PSAT scored? As you learn about the test, take notes on what concepts you feel confident with and which ones need more review. If something looks completely unfamiliar, definitely make a note of it. You might be able to ask a teacher or friendto go over the concept, get a tutor, or learn it on your own with PSAT prep materials. Learning about the PSAT is a key first step as you prepare for test day. You can begin to figure out your strengths and weaknesses and design your own personal study plan. Find a quiet place to take your practice test, free from distractions. #2: Take and Analyze Practice Tests Once youÃ¢â¬â¢ve developed a general understanding of the PSAT, you should take a practice test to diagnose your current scoring level. Use an official College Board practice test, sit in a quiet room with no distractions, and time yourself and take breaks just as you would during the real test. When you finish, take the time to calculate your scores. These scores will give you concrete feedback on your performance in each of the four sections. This diagnostic practice test will give you clear insight into your current scoring level and where you need toimprove to boost your scores. #3: Target Your Weak Areas Once youÃ¢â¬â¢ve taken and scored your PSAT practice test, you should comb through the questions and take notes on the ones that were easy, confusing, or difficult. Circle any questions that you made a mistake on or were unsure about, and then try to findthe reason behind your uncertainty. Did you not understand what a word problem was asking? Did you make a mistake with your calculations? Did you miss a grammar rule or not know how to solve a linear function? Did you go too fast and make a careless error or find yourself running out of time? Once you root out the reasons behind your mistakes, you can figure out your weaknesses and target them as you study. Fill in any gaps in knowledge and improve your efficiency as a test-taker. Simply taking PSAT practice tests over and over again isnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to help you improve much if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t take a targeted approach to your studying. Find strategies that help you work fast while still maintaining accuracy. #4: Practice Time Management Strategies Doing well on the PSAT isnÃ¢â¬â¢t just about possessing the requisite academic knowledge. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also about managing your time efficiently. Taking a timed test can be tough for a lot of people, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s a learned skill like any other. In other words, even if you start out feeling frazzled and rushing, you can learn to better manage your time as you practice. There are several time management strategies you can try, and different approaches work for different students. Some people like to skim the reading comprehension questions before they read the passage, for instance, while others start with a quick read-through. As you prepare, try out various strategies, like process of elimination, and hone in on the tactics that best speed up your test-taking. #5: Use High-Quality Practice Materials The PSAT is an idiosyncratic test, unlike most other tests that youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take in high school. As you prepare, make sure that your practice materials accurately reflect what youÃ¢â¬â¢ll get on test day. Simply understanding how to solve linear function problems, for example, may not get you very far if youÃ¢â¬â¢re unfamiliar with what PSAT linear function problems look like. College Board has released two official Ã¢â¬Å"newÃ¢â¬ PSAT tests. You can also use eight Ã¢â¬Å"oldÃ¢â¬ official PSAT tests; just make sure to ignore the question types, like sentence completions, that are no longer relevant. You can also use books from test prep companies, like BarronÃ¢â¬â¢s. They have high quality, realistic material, though no models can be quite as accurate as what comes from the test makers themselves. Finally, you might use new SAT practice materials to prep for the PSAT. The two tests are very similar, with the SAT featuring slightly more advanced material and a somewhat different scoring scale. College Board offers eight free official SAT practice tests, and Khan Academy has free online SAT practice. Whatever you end up using to supplement the free College Board materials, make sure to be selective and choose books or online questions that will give you an accurate sense of the question types youÃ¢â¬â¢ll get on test day. Embracing a growth mindset is like a mental magic trick that helps you improve. #6: Embrace Your Growth Mindset This last tip has to do with your psychology, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s something thatÃ¢â¬â¢s useful forall areas of your life, not just prepping for the PSAT. Having a growth mindset means that you believe you can learn and improve. Even if you can't do something now, you believe that you'll be able to do it with enough practice. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s all too easy for people to give up on their academic goals with statements like, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not a good test takerÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not a math person.Ã¢â¬ This line of thinking shows a fixed mindset. It suggests that you exist atone static, constant level and will always stay there. You know what you know, and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing you can do to add to it. Of course, weÃ¢â¬â¢re all constantly changing and developing, so this fixed mindset is little more thana defeatist attitude. The PSAT is a tough test, but taking it is a skill like any other. Anyone can improve with practice and effort. Coincidentally, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll probably improve even more if you believe you can improve than you would if youÃ¢â¬â¢re skeptical of the learning process. A growth mindset doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t just help you show up to your books and put in the effort; it also maximizes the effects of yourefforts. Even if you get discouraged along the way, remind yourself that you can always make progress over time. Where you are today is not where youÃ¢â¬â¢ll be tomorrow. Remember these key takeaways as you start down the path of PSAT prep. Taking the PSAT: Key Takeaways Most juniors take the PSAT automatically, and younger students may also ask to take it for extra practice. Your high school will choose your PSATdate from three options given by College Board. In all likelihood, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take the PSAT at your high school on a Wednesday in mid-October. After you take the PSAT, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to wait until mid-December to see your scores. Your scores can give you valuable insight into how you can prepare for the SAT. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re a high scorer, then youÃ¢â¬â¢ll also find out whether you might have qualified for National Merit distinction. To make the most of the testing experience and meet your goals, you should set aside some time in the weeks and months before to study. The PSAT is an odd test, and doing well on it requires that you first acquaint yourself with its idiosyncrasies. Not only will prepping for the PSAT help you realize your goals, but it will also aid you when you eventually take the SAT. All of this effort, after all, is ultimately going toward your plans to get into college. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? Are you aiming to get a high PSAT score? This guide has all the study tips you need to know to achieve a perfect 1520. Is your goal to earn National Merit scholarship money? Check out this article to learn about all the steps toward becoming a National Merit Finalist and winning scholarship money for college. Besides National Merit, what's a good score on the PSAT?Check out this guide to learn about the PSAT score range,what makes for a good score on the PSAT, and how you can evaluate how strong your score is. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points?We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:
Thursday, February 27, 2020
International Marketing Plan Part 2 - Assignment Example The number of skating companies in the last couple of years has increased and it is expected that there will be new entrants in future as well (Bennett and Blythe, 2002). The biggest competitors in the skating industry are Rollerblade, Roces, Solomon and K2. The market share of each company can be represented as follows as given in SGMA (2011) report: Rollerblade has been enjoying the largest market share in the industry for decades. As of 2005, its market share was 70% and now it has been reduced to 45%. The main reason in such a reduction in the share is the increase in the new entrants in the market. Still, the company enjoys the reputation of providing high quality skates and other accessories. The range of products provided by the company is huge and it is expected to increase more in near future. Likewise, the close competitors are Roces, Solomon and K2 as well and all these brands have been there in the market for quite long. Since the Skating International is targeting an entirely new segment so these competitors do not directly pose any threat to it but if these brands target the market that the company is targeting via its products, then it can lose its market share. Therefore, the company will need to create differentiating factors to maintain its competitive position in the market. The pricing strategy that will be followed by Skating International will be competitive pricing. The company will charge the prices in comparison with those charged by the competitors. One of the primary purposes of the pricing strategy is to encourage the customers to buy the goods on impulse, experiment with the product and make repeat purchases. Initially the company will charge the products as follows: In order to promote the brand initially, the customers will be given skate bags as well so that the skates will remain protected and they will be handled with utmost ease and care. The skate bagsÃ¢â¬â¢ price will range in between $20-$40
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
APA - Research Paper Example It is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and significantly increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. The last two decades have witnessed an increase in health care costs due to obesity and related issues among children and adolescents. Childhood obesity is a global phenomenon affecting all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. Aetiopathogenesis of childhood obesity is multi-factorial and includes genetic, neuroendocrine, metabolic, psychological, environmental and socio-cultural factors. Many co-morbid conditions like metabolic, cardiovascular, psychological, orthopaedic, neurological, hepatic, pulmonary and renal disorders are seen in association with childhood obesity. The treatment of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents requires a multidisciplinary, multi-phase approach, which includes dietary management, physical activity enhancement, restriction of sedentary behaviour, pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery. A holist ic approach to tackle the childhood obesity epidemic needs a collection of activities including influencing policy makers and legislation, mobilizing communities, restructuring organizational practices, establishing coalitions and networks, empowering providers, imparting community education as well as enriching and reinforcing individual awareness and skills. The implications of this global phenomenon on future generations will be serious unless appropriate action is taken. Keywords: Adolescents, children, dietary management, obesity, overweight Go to: Introduction Worldwide, disease profiles are transforming at a rapid pace catching the attention of medical professionals and policy makers alike. This is particularly true in low and middle-income countries that form the major chunk of global population. The emerging epidemics of obesity, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes form the crux of this phenomenal change. Among these entities, obesity has become a colossal epidemic ca using serious public health concern and contributes to 2.6 million deaths worldwide every year1. Obesity is an independent risk factor for CVD. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality as well as reduced life expectancy. The last two decades of the previous century have witnessed dramatic increase in health care costs due to obesity and related issues among children and adolescents2. For children and adolescents, overweight and obesity are defined using age and sex specific normograms for body mass index (BMI). Children with BMI equal to or exceeding the age-gender-specific 95th percentile are defined obese. Those with BMI equal to or exceeding the 85th but are below 95th percentiles are defined overweight and are at risk for obesity related co-morbidities3. Go to: Epidemiology Childhood obesity affects both developed and developing countries of all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. It has been estimated that worldwide over 22 million children under the age of